Solomon Lecture 2014


Almost immediately upon my return to Australia I travelled to Brisbane to record and deliver the 2014 Solomon Lecture, “Government in the Age of the ‘Social Machine’”.

Being asked to deliver the Solomon Lecture is a huge compliment, and I would like to thank Queensland Information Commissioner Rachael Rangihaeata, Acting First Assistant Information Commissioner Steve Haigh and their very capable team, who were a delight, and a privilege, to work with.

The process of developing and delivering this lecture has been a fabulous exercise in terms of thinking about, and exploring, my own ideas around the “Right to Information”, and the timing was perfect in that I was able to draw upon the many and various conversations and experiences that I had over the past few months, both in Australia and overseas.

As the concept of the “Social Machine” continues to evolve, so do our thoughts and perspectives around information, in all its forms, together with the accompanying realities of how to approach and deal with other “rights”, such as privacy and risk.

Personally, I believe that Governments everywhere have a significant leadership role to play in representing the human societies which they serve by forcing us to ask the questions which need to be considered as we shape the information world of the twentieth century. And these questions need to be asked on “human terms”, not those which are reactive to the challenges thrown at us by machine technologies.

I have no problem with slowing things down, with some of the clumsy outcomes that legislation may lead to, as long as we take the time to consciously choose what sort of future we want, rather than being led blindly and naively by “technological determinism”.

Fundamental to this “leadership” is the requirement that they (as in Governments) must educate themselves as well as the people and communities which they serve.

For those who are interested I have posted the lecture and accompanying notes here, and ANZSOG have written a blog post which can be found here.

Posted in ANZSOG, Government, Information | Comments Off

Meaning and money (or is that money and meaning?) at SOCAP14


I have just returned to Australia from my international wanderings, and, in particular, hot on the heels of having attended SOCAP14.

SOCAP14 is the 11th conference hosted by SOCAP which aims to “accelerate the new global market at the intersection of money and meaning” through “having productive conversations between investors, entrepreneurs, policymakers, and industry to establish business standards in social impact.”

The conference is held at Fort Mason, San Francisco, an old fortified military base established by the Spanish in 1776 and claimed by the US Army upon California’s entry to the Union in 1850.  The site was used to defend against potential Confederate attack in 1863, and, following the Civil War, served as the military headquarters for the US Army on the West Coast, as well as the port of embarkation for military supplies and personnel from 1909 to 1962.  The Center itself was established as a Non-Profit organisation in 1977 and is now home to many Arts organisations as well as a venue for major non-profit events.

So, it is a fitting place to host SOCAP with views over the Bay and the Golden Gate bridge on both foggy mornings and gloriously sunny afternoons.

SOCAP aims to bring together individuals from around the world (I found mainly from the US) who want to”free up private capital for social use” (so said Judith Rodin, President of the Rockerfeller Foundation).  The theme of 2014 was very much “Impact investment” but there were also sessions on “resilience investing”, digital currencies, internal leadership, how to work with “Millennials”, and on human centered design.

When I got to SOCAP I was asked some of the questions captured in the image below, and I was the first (and only!) participant to link Australia and “Wildcard” in terms of my aspirations in attending the conference.  As always, I was looking for the “zaggers“, those who were doing things a bit differently, and looking for new ideas and insights, and I vaguely hoped that I would have some “left of field” conversation along the way.


In this regard, whilst I met some really interesting people who were doing some quite inspirational things, I was a little disappointed, and I did hear a few comments about the unbelievable wealth that was being bandied about, as well as the slew of projects which seemed to be well intentioned, but perhaps a little paternalistic in their outcomes (i.e. rich people from first world countries telling poor people from poor countries what to do).  There was one session on “Disruptive Giving” which described a number of projects which were certainly “different”, but I’m not sure that they were necessarily “disruptive”, even though they were achieving some good outcomes.

The only session that came close to fitting my bill was that on “The Nature of Investing” where Katherine Collins described how looking to “natural systems” such as “biomimicry”.  She very simply asked “have we forgotten how to engage with the world around us” and quoted Einstein who once said

“Look deep into nature and you’ll understand everything better”

This certainly resonated as I wandered around Fort Mason and it brought together some of the thoughts that I have had as I’ve been travelling around the US.  As an Australian chap I spoke to, who has lived in the US for the past decade, commented “The US has the best of worlds, and the worst of worlds, where 5% of the wealthiest individuals are incredibly generous and the remaining 95% couldn’t care less”.  Wealth does certainly seem to dominate, but that “wealth” is more than just money, it is resources, space, energy, inventiveness, and an almost overwhelming “can-do” attitude that can be almost exhausting.

I have been reading “My Promised Land” by Israeli author Ari Shavit and I came across the following phrase:

“When imperialism, capitalism, science and technology combine nothing can stand in their way”.

As I travelled around the US I couldn’t help feeling that the US really is a manifestation of “human energy let loose”, relatively unfettered by government regulation and rules, and set free upon a fertile land with a demand for freedom and an abundance of resources.
Most people in the US have, like many other nations, come from somewhere else, either running away from persecution and tyranny, or running towards promise and opportunity.  This has led to a political and economic dominance that has shaped much of the Twentieth Century, but, it could be that things are about to change as this recent article demonstrates.


There is no doubt that the world is becoming more fragmented, with areas of strife increasing in most of the major hot spots (as I write this Australia has been placed on “high” terror alert) but as I wandered around SOCAP and had so many conversations with people who all wanted to “do good” and improve life on the planet, I just couldn’t help wondering why we, as a self-professed “intelligent” species, just can’t seem to move beyond the “tyranny of the ‘or’“, where one “tribe” has to dominate another, towards the “power of the ‘and’” (to quote Jim Collins).  So much energy is being put into so many projects which could all be made that much more successful if people were more collaborative, less competitive, and were guided by tolerance and respect.  Personally I would like to hope that both China and the US lead in the twenty-first century, bringing forth an amazing combination of their cultural talents and unsurpassed capabilities.

As I thought about this I thought about the decline of the British Empire, also described in the above graph.  As someone from a British Dominion I have always found that “Britishness” is something that pervades at a very deep level, without the need to dominate or control.

Whilst the Brits certainly weren’t model conquerors they have managed to maintain a “deep certainty of Identity” as “with a continuous way of life and a civilized manner in which it conducts it’s affairs.” (Shavit again)

The thing I love about the Americans is their deep generosity combined with their heartfelt desire to “do good” and their courage to “just do it”.  I had a number of conversations about this at SOCAP and it made me reflect on how Australians approach innovation and social enterprise.  I would like to think that our most powerful characteristic is the ability to bring together our “Britishness”, which still pervades in our systems of governance, and our fairly laid-back attitudes, with the youth and vigour of being a young country with some of America’s energy.

We will never dominate, nor do we really aspire to (except in sport), but what we can do is bring together a sense of humour and a bit of an Antipodean laid-back “she’ll be right mate” perspective to bear on problems that are best mulled over with a glass of wine watching the sunset at the beach.  This is what I would like to do in both my work with Web Science and with the Intersticia Foundation.

It’s good to be home, but it’s also good to be connected to the rest of the World, and to appreciate one’s place in it.

Posted in Creativity, Innovation, Leadership, Philanthropy | Comments Off

Forgetting and remembering in the digital age


In the past month I have participated in a number of events which have highlighted the juxtaposition between “remembering” and “forgetting”.

And 2014 is a rather important year on both fronts.

Firstly, 2014 is the tercentenary of the Longitude Act (1714) when the British Government established a prize to solve the “Longitude Problem”. As a part of these celebrations the National Maritime Museum has an exhibition “Ships, Clocks and Stars – the story of Longitude” which “tells the extraordinary story of the race to determine longitude (east-west position) at sea, helping to solve the problem of navigation and saving seafarers from terrible fates including shipwreck and starvation.”

The problem of Longitude was a very real one as European powers expanded their interest in, and exploration of, the world, and each of the suggested solutions relied on the painstaking gathering of information captured from various instruments which enabled huge numbers of measurements to be taken by humans and then meticulously entered into tables for ongoing reference.

As I wandered around the exhibition what struck me was the enormity of the task of not only making the observations, but in the compilation and continual updating of the tables themselves. This was in stark contrast to the ease with which I later consulted Google Maps to find the location of a nearby pub together with the timetable of the Thames Clipper in order to navigate my own way home.

We who live in the Western World take so much for granted as we tap into our smartphones and very rarely do we think about how fragile our systems are until we are hit with power outages, such as happened in North America during last year’s “polar vortex”, or last week’s slowing-down of the internet which most people were oblivious to.

We forget how far we’ve come in a very short time, and it is useful to visit places like the Royal Observatory to reflect on these past accomplishments, as well as to exhibitions such as “the Digital Revolution” at the Barbican, which documents not only some of the developments in film, architecture, design, music and game development, but demonstrates the creative possibilities offered by augmented reality, artificial intelligence, wearable technologies and 3-D printing. For those of us who have not only lived through, but have an active interest in, the evolution of digital information technologies, the exhibition was a wonderful reminder of human ingenuity and creativity; for many others it was a demonstration about what is now “real” and no longer “magic”, no longer “the future” but very much the present.

The notion of “presence” is hugely important when it comes to remembering and forgetting. As the World remembers the “War to end all Wars”, by commemorating the Centenary of the First World War, this is absolutely the right moment to ask some very important questions about what sort of world we want to create and what sort of future we want to live in, and to determine how best we are going to answer those questions for the benefit of ourselves and future generations.

The idea of “memory” is something which we have traditionally approached from the human perspective.  It has social and often creative aspects, and often the “convenience” of forgetting is as useful as the “right” to remember, based on circumstance and objective. As Napoleon is supposed to have said:

“History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon.”

So, what happens when it is not “people” who decide, but machines? And how are those decisions made?

Much of the conversation around me at the minute is about the European Court of Justice’s recent ruling on the “Right to be Forgotten”. Last week I went to a Debate on the “right to be forgotten” hosted by the Central London Debating Society. What was most interesting was that it seemed that those who actually researched the EU legislation had a far more positive view of it than those who did not, regardless of which side of the debate they were representing.

The legislation itself is certainly getting people talking, even those who would normally not be interested in something like this, and, for those in the data and information worlds, it is presenting all sorts of unforeseen and complex challenges, and highlighting the need for legislators and policymakers to have far more developed digital skills and capabilities in order to deal with governing in the digital age.

When it comes to articles that are “on the public record” and “in the public interest” I can see the case against this legislation, but when it comes to the situation where, according to Eric Schmidt, young people are going to have to change their names in order “escape their cyber past”, I find this both disconcerting and, in fact, very sad.

It could well be that the concept of “privacy”, and, indeed of the fallibility of human memory, is now a thing of the past, and that young people are now no longer able to experiment with who and what they want to be (as many of us were able to do) because of the greed of large information companies whose business models feed on the information they often unwittingly provide.

I have written about information and privacy in previous posts (particularly the digital brand), but it seems that now these issues are impacting at a personal level, and my only hope is that at last ordinary citizens wake up to the fact that digital information presents them with very different choices to make in terms of how they interact with both organisations, and with each other.

It may be that what will emerge is not just something like the “personal data store” but a whole new transparency in the relationship between those who supply data (as in individuals) and those that seek to use it (organisations). Perhaps a system will finally emerge whereby data itself has value as a source of currency and exchange, and the key elements of the digital brand will be more clearly articulated.

All of this, of course, requires people to have a greater understanding of data and information; a “digital literacy”.

In order understand this on a personal basis I have just spent two days with Decoded doing both their “Code in a Day” and “Data in a Day” courses. Incredibly valuable days which not only demystified the whole concept of “coding” for me, but also gave me insights into the actual mechanics of data, and the incredible array of tools and resources that are now easily, and often freely, available on the Web.

Whilst there are obvious benefits for people from both the advertising and the retail sectors, the key insight for me was the skills-gap that exists between the people who develop and make policy and legislation, versus those who actually work with data and code on a daily basis.

For far too long “IT” has been seen as “rocket science”, and, whilst I am not going to undermine the skills required in order to artfully programme code, I am going to say that they are absolutely teachable, and that that they are as important as “reading, writing and ‘rithmatic” … the traditional “Three R’s”. 

Coding is a language and a state of mind. It takes patience, it takes a certain aptitude for the “craft” but it is logical and it can be taught to everyone, as the UK Government has already determined to do. Whilst we don’t all need to rush off and be “coders”, I absolutely believe that each and every one of us who lives “digital lives” needs to equip ourselves with at least the basic skills to understand what we are doing in order to more effectively analyse, understand and communicate more effectively with data.

Only then can we have any sort of reasonable debate about “remembering” and “forgetting” and make a conscious decision as to whether history will be written by humans or machines, but hopefully both.

Posted in Brand, Communications, Data, Digital, Education, Government, Information, Social Machine, Transparency | Comments Off